VOLUME 9 NUMBER 27
Washington, Tuesday, February 8, 1944
EXECUTIVE ORDER 9419
BRONZE STAR MEDAL
By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States and as Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:
There is hereby established the Bronze Star Medal, with accompanying ribbons and appurtenances, for award to any person who, while serving in any capacity in or with the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard of the United States on or after December 7, 1941, distinguishes, or distinguished, himself by heroic or meritorious achievement or service, not involving participation in aerial flight, in connection with military or naval operations against an enemy of the United States.
The Bronze Star Medal and appurtenances thereto shall be of appropriate design approved by the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy, and may be awarded by the Secretary of War, or the Secretary of the Navy, or by such commanding officers of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard as the said Secretaries may respectively designate. Awards shall be made under such regulations as the said Secretaries shall severally prescribe, and such regulations shall, so far as practicable, be of uniform application.
No more than one Bronze Star Medal shall be awarded to any one person, but for each succeeding heroic or meritorious achievement or service justifying such an award a suitable device may bc awarded to be worn with the medal as prescribed by appropriate regulations. The Bronze Star Medal or device may be awarded posthumously and, when so awarded, may be presented to such representative of the deceased as may be designated in the award.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
THE WHITE HOUSE,
February 4, 1944
F. R. Doc. 44-1762; Filed, February 5, 1944; 10:15 a.m.
VOLUME 7 NUMBER 238
Washington, Saturday, December 5, 1912
EXECUTIVE ORDER 9277
AWARD OF THE PURPLE HEART TO PERSONS SERVING WITH THE NAVY, MARINE CORPS OR COAST GUARD OF THE UNITED STATES
WHEREAS the decoration of the Purple Heart is awarded, as prescribed by Army Regulations of September 4, 1942, to persons serving with the Army of the United States: and
WHEREAS it is appropriate that the award of the Purple Heart be authorized to persons serving with the Navy, Marine Corps or Coast Guard of the United States:
NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, and as Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:
1. The Secretary of the Navy is authorized and directed to award the Purple Heart in the name of the President of the United States to persons who, while heretofore or hereafter serving in any capacity with the Navy, Marine Corps or Coast Guard of the United States are wounded in action against an enemy of the United States, or as a result of an act of such enemy, provided such wound necessitates treatment by a medical officer.
2. Except as authorized in paragraph three hereof, no more than one Purple Heart shall be awarded to any one person, but for each subsequent justification for such an award a Gold Star, or other suitable device shall be awarded, to be worn with the Purple Heart as prescribed by appropriate regulations.
3. The Secretary of the Navy is further authorized and directed to award the Purple Heart posthumously, in the name of the President of the United States, to any persons who, while serving in any capacity with the Navy, Marine Corps or Coast Guard of the United States, since December 6, l941, are killed in action or who die as a direct result of wounds received in action with an enemy of tile United States, or as a result of an act of such enemy. The Purple Heart will be forwarded to the nearest of kin of any person entitled to the posthumous award regardless of whether a previous award has been made to such person.
4. If so authorized by the Secretary of the Navy the award of the Purple Heart may be made by the Commander in Chief of a fleet, or by such other appropriate officers as the Secretary of the Navy may designate.
5. The Secretary of the Navy is authorized to promulgate such regulations as he may deem appropriate to effectuate the purposes hereof. The regulations of the Secretary of the Navy hereunder, and the regulations of the Secretary of War with respect to the award of the Purple Heart to persons: serving in any capacity with the Army of the United States, shall, so far as practicable, be of uniform application.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
THE WHITE HOUSE,
December 3, 1942.
F. R. Doc. 42-12663; Filed, December 4, 1942; 11:42 a.m.
NAVY DEPARTMENT BULLETIN CUMULATIVE EDITION; 31 DEC. 1943
43-1391 --- Navy Awards to Merchant Marine Personnel
Op18 C-jc, Serial 202913, 9 September 1943
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
1. Authority is hereby delegated to the Commander in Chief, United States Fleet, the Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet, the Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Fleet, the Commander United States Naval Forces Europe, the Commander THIRD Fleet, the Commander FOURTH Fleet, the Commander SEVENTH Fleet, and the Commander EIGHTH Fleet to make awards of certain Navy decorations to officers and members of the crews of the United States Merchant Marine ships operating with the Navy. The following policy will govern such awards:
(a) Navy awards may be made to United States Merchant Marine personnel only when direct combat with the enemy is involved, or in case of especially meritorious service under combat conditions when members of a naval expedition. The latter is not to be construed as covering normal overseas convoys.
(b) In such cases, Navy awards will be limited to the Silver Star Medal and the Navy and Marine Corps Medal, as appropriate.
(c) Major naval commanders to whom this authority is delegated are authorized to award these naval decorations on the spot as is now done for naval personnel.
(d) All naval commanders, if not authorized to make awards themselves, will be meticulous in forwarding recommendations for awards to Merchant Marine personnel of such medals as may be considered appropriate. Such commanders, if serving directly under an officer authorized to make awards, will submit recommendations to that officer. Other naval commanders will submit such recommendations to the Secretary of the Navy.
(e) All naval commanders will be meticulous in forwarding recommendations for awards to Merchant Marine personnel of War Shipping Administration medals to the Navy Department for further transmission to the War Shipping Administration. ---
SecNav. Frank Knox
NORTH AFRICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS
UNITED STATES ARMY
AG 2O1- P-Scruggs, John Howard (O)
SUBJECT: Award of the Purple Heart.
TO: Cadet Officer John Howard Scruggs.
Announcement is made of the award of the Purple Heart to the following named cadet officer of the United States Merchant Marine for wounds received in action: (Medal No. 83990)
JOHN HOWARD SCRUGGS, Cadet Officer, United States Merchant Marine, (S. S. Samuel Parker).
By command of General EISENHOWER:
Brigadier, General, G.S.C.,
Chief of Staff.
/s/H. V. ROBERTS
3 - AGWAR
2 - Cadet Officer Scruggs
1 - Dist. Constructor, San Francisco, Cal.
1 - shy; 201
Army & Navy Medals to Mariners in WW II
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